Gum therapy treatment is required when gum disease is present. Gum disease is commonly referred to as gingivitis and, in later forms, as periodontal disease. Gum disease occurs when there is inflammation and infection within your gum’s tissues. Bacterial plaque is the leading cause of gum disease. If bacterial plaque is left untreated, it will calcify/harden and become tartar. When tartar forms underneath your gum line, excreted toxins create pockets. As the disease progresses, these pockets become deeper and eventually lead to tooth loss.
Dr. Matthew Warner and our team at Willoughby Dental are very experienced with the management and treatment of gum disease. If you are showing troubling symptoms, Dr. Warner can screen you for gum disease. Based on what he finds, he may need to start treatment quickly to prevent the progression of gum disease.
Causes and Symptoms of Gum Disease
Gum disease is usually caused by poor oral hygiene habits. Neglecting to brush or floss the teeth daily can cause bacteria to build up.
Other contributing factors are lifestyle habits like poor diet, smoking and stress. Making bad lifestyle choices can lower a person’s ability to fight off infection and increase their susceptibility to gum disease. Pregnant women are also more susceptible to gum disease because of the increased levels of hormones that can affect the gums.
Common symptoms of gum disease include:
- Inflamed gums
- Bleeding when flossing or brushing
- Receding gums
- Loosened teeth
- Pus between the gum line and teeth
- Presence of bad breath
- Pockets between the gums and tooth
In its most advanced form, gum disease can destroy the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. The teeth may loosen and fall out or need to be extracted. Also, studies have found a link between gum disease and other serious health problems, including heart disease, stroke, osteoporosis and complications with diabetes. For these reasons, it is essential to catch gum disease as early as possible and start treatment intervention.
Gum Disease Treatment
The good news is that when gingivitis is found in early stages, Dr. Warner is able reverse the disease. Periodontal therapy, often called scaling and root planing or deep cleaning, is imperative to your oral health, when gum disease is present.
These deep cleanings remove plaque and tartar from the teeth and below the gum line. The roots of the teeth, where bacteria likes to accumulate, may also be cleaned. Deep cleanings are gentle and do not hurt; local anesthesia may be used for complete patient comfort.
Another way that Dr. Warner treats gum disease is by prescribing antibiotic medicine. This helps to reduce or eliminate the harmful bacteria in the mouth. Antibiotics can be administered either in an oral pill form or applied locally to the infected gum tissue. Antibiotic mouth rinse is another option.